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St Peters Lutheran College Langer Library website: Research Methodology


There are many ways to approach RESEARCH.  The following is just one example:  

     Step 1 →

Break down your research topic.

► Think about and identify:



KEY CONCEPTS. These will be used as subject headings, keywords and phrases for research, and can be used as headings for writing up the assignment more ...


Click on the following links for useful information on

understanding assignments; and

instruction words on assignments


►  Remember to: 

keep good notes and good track of references to your sources throughout the research process.  

Depending on your research needs, consider using an external Library.

University Libraries:

University of Queensland

Library search

Library Membership

Services for secondary schools.  Cyberschool.

Queensland University of Technology

Library Membership

Griffith University

Library search

Membership.  Griffith Connect Valued Partners Program has been discontinued and students are no longer able to access GU Library resources.  We are waiting for information from the University Library regarding future access to resources.



     Step 2

Locate and read books, eBooks and reference sources.

Reconsider your understanding of the research topic.

browse the Library shelves


000 Generalities  (005 Computer software)

100 Philosophy and Psychology (170 Ethics)

200 Religion

300 Social sciences (330 Economics, 340 Law)

400 Languages (420 English, 430 German, 440 French, 450 Italian, 460 Spanish;490 other languages)

500 Natural sciences and mathematics (510 Maths, 520 Astronomy, 530 Physics, 540 Chemistry, 550 Earth Science, 570 Life science, 574 Biology, 580 Botanical Science, 590 Zoology)

600 Technology (Applied sciences) (610 Medical science, 620 Engineering, 630 Agriculture, 640 Home economics, 650 Management, 657 Accounting, 670 Manufacturing including metals, textiles and clothing, 690 Building)

700 The arts (720 Architecture, 740 Drawing, 750 Painting, 760 Graphic art, 770 Photography, 780 music, 790 Sports)

800 Literature and rhetoric (810 American, 820 English)

900 Geography and history (910 Geography, 930 Ancient History, 940 Modern history)


For open access books on the Internet, consider searching:


For a general overview of a topic, search for reference books (check the Library reference collection).  Try consulting:

  • a general encyclopedia such as World Book Encyclopaedia or 

Off campus login via Portal.

  • subject specific Encyclopedia, such as:

McGraw-Hill,  Encyclopaedia of Science and Technology

Encyclopaedia of Science

Van Nostrand’s Scientific Encyclopaedia   

  • open access Encyclopedia on the Internet.



     Step 3 →

Locate and read articles and other information. 

Search the:



for full text journal and newspaper articles.   

   Internet for information available from reputable sites (.gov, .edu, .org URLs).  




Recommended Search Engines:


For other useful resources refer to the Library tab:

Step 4

Bring your research together.

 Evaluate (review) your research methodology and results.  As you research and your knowledge of your topic improves, repeat any steps as required.  

 Communicate the results of your research.  

Click on the following links for useful information on:

structuring essays; and


Go back to Step 1 and the assignment task sheet and make sure you have covered everything required. 

Make sure your assignment is written in you own words.  DO NOT PLAGIARISE. 

Plagiarism is using the ideas or comments of other writers and presenting them as your own.  When writing assignments you are required to identify and acknowledge (reference) the work of others: direct quotations, ideas, paraphrased comments; in short, any information that is not your own.  Use the Harvard Referencing system.

The SLASA Online Referencing Generator APA is a software tool that can help you construct references.  You will need a password to access (see Library staff).